The State Council called for nationwide supports to the development of Xiangtan University (XTU) in 1974 when the university restarted to admit students. Nearly 90 prestigious universities across the country such as Tsinghua University, Peking University, Fudan University and Renmin University of China have sent 622 outstanding teachers to XTU for years. XTU's highly qualified teachers and its advanced concept on school management and the spirit of rigorous scholarship have laid a solid foundation for developing the university at a high starting point.
The university has 1462 full-time teachers and 780 part-time teachers. Over 72.5% of the teachers have senior professional titles or doctoral degrees, and 25% of them have studied abroad. A batch of foreign experts from countries such as the USA, Britain, France, and Japan, have been employed. The staff holding senior professional titles is 307, and that with associate professional titles is 620.
Among the faculty members of the university, there is currently one academician of the Chinese Academy of Engineering (CAE), one candidate of the first batch of "Ten Thousand Talent Program" for Millions of Leading Engineering Talents, one candidate of the “Ten Thousand Talent Program” for Famous Teachers, 3 distinguished professors in Cheung Kong Scholars, 3 winners of National Science Fund for Distinguished Young Scholars, one candidate for national “Thousand Talent Program”, one candidate for the first batch of Young Top-notch Talent for "Ten Thousand Talent Program", one member of ”Four in One Group” Talent in the National Publicity & Culture System, 5 state-level candidates for the National Hundred, Thousand and Ten Thousand Talents Project in New Century, 2 members of Millions of Talents Program by the Ministry of Personnel, 4 innovation teams (including one nominated team) supported by the Ministry of Education, 4 state-level teaching groups, 4 national distinguished teachers (ranking first in Hunan), 3 national model teachers, 9 national excellent teachers, one national outstanding science and technology worker, 30 members of Program for New Century Excellent Talents in University by the Ministry of Education, 51 experts enjoying special government allowances by the State Council, one national patent information leading talent, 2 members included into the Program for Leading Talents in Science and Technology of Hunan Province, 12 members of “Hundred Talent Program” of Hunan, 3 winners of Xu Teli Education Award of Hunan, 2 experts receiving special government allowances by the Hunan Provincial Government, 9 excellent social science experts of Hunan Province, 17 outstanding teachers of Hunan, 20 Lotus Scholars of Hunan Province and chair professors, 94 candidates for the “New Century 121 Talent Program” of Hunan Province, and 6 nominees for Hunan’s new century academic and technological leaders.